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2011 GRI Performance Indicators—Environmental Performance

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Environmental Performance
GRI Indicator Indicator Title 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2011 Goal 2012 Goal
Aspect: Materials
EN1 Materials used by weight or volume:
Uncoated copy and printing paper only (pounds)
Data Not Reported Data Not Reported Data Not Reported 315,165 214,313 N/A N/A
EN2 Percentage of materials used that are recycled input materials              
  Uncoated copy and printing paper only Data Not Reported Data Not Reported Data Not Reported 98% 97% 100% 100%
Aspect: Energy
EN3 Direct energy consumption by primary energy source (kBtu) 154,188,593 124,451,227 130,065,345 131,489,816 121,772,683
  Natural gas 146,658,000 115,201,600 118,781,300 120,341,500 110,824,100 3% reduction 3% reduction
  Propane 786,886 627,786 1,066,778 627,511 589,661 3% reduction 3% reduction
  Gasoline 5,377,625 5,348,750 4,391,250 4,875,000 3,814,259 2% reduction 2% reduction
  Diesel 1,063,690 1,582,567 1,765,880 1,792,287 1,584,803 2% reduction 2% reduction
  E85 138,771 759,159 908,292 945,888 1,388,706 10% increase 10% increase
EN4 Indirect energy consumption by primary source (kBtu) 298,774,960 290,613,524 305,805,420 330,557,569 338,468,496 3% reduction/td> 3% reduction
  Non-Renewable 261,422,810 259,196,531 281,714,789 132,173,353 141,331,736
  Renewable 37,352,150 31,416,993 24,090,631 198,384,216 197,136,760 7.5% of total electricity use 7.5% of total electricity use
Aspect: Water
EN8 Total water withdrawal by source (gallons) 578,453,325 607,938,451 634,529,882 638,262,078 624,953,887 2% reduction 2% reduction
  River water 336,000,000 336,000,000 333,667,669 331,716,582 359,777,398
  Municipal water 142,841,820 133,806,468 129,580,580 102,996,000 69,071,646
  Ground (well) water 99,611,505 138,131,983 171,281,633 203,549,496 196,104,843
Aspect: Biodiversity
EN11 Location and size of land owned, leased, managed in, or adjacent to, protected areas and areas of high biodiversity value outside protected areas The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) consists of a network of facilities that house offices and laboratories. The PNNL site occupies about 378 acres (1.5 2) and is located in the Columbia Plateau ecoregion of south-central Washington State, just south of the U.S. Department of Energy Hanford Site, on the north end of the City of Richland adjacent to the Columbia River. The Hanford Site occupies an area of approximately 586 square miles (1,518 km2). The approximately 51-mile (82-kilometer) long Hanford Reach is one of the last stretches of the Columbia River in the United States that remain unimpounded. The PNNL campus lies several miles south of the Hanford Reach National Monument, which protects the Hanford Reach of the Columbia River and the remaining surrounding shrub-steppe ecosystem that once blanketed the Columbia Plateau. The Hanford Reach National Monument occupies about 305 square miles (790 km2) and is managed jointly by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and U.S. Department of Energy.

The Columbia River harbors three fish species listed under the federal Endangered Species Act of 1973, two that occur regularly in the Hanford Reach (spring-run Chinook salmon [Oncorhynchus tshawytscha] and steelhead [Oncorhynchus mykiss]), and one that occurs on a transient basis (bull trout [Salvelinus confluentus]). Thirteen plant species and four bird species currently listed as either endangered or threatened by the Washington State Department of Fish and Wildlife occur or potentially occur on the Hanford Site.

Shrub-steppe and Columbia River riparian habitat also exist over a majority of the undeveloped portion of the PNNL site. This shrub-steppe area is approximately 306 acres (1.23 km2). Shrub-steppe consists of one or more layers of perennial bunchgrasses and a discontinuous layer of shrubs, the most prominent and widespread of which is big sagebrush (Artemisia tridentata). Shrub-steppe is listed as a priority habitat by the Washington State Department of Fish and Wildlife. Priority habitats have unique or significant value to a relatively diverse assemblage of species. Shrub-steppe has unique value to sagebrush obligate species such as the sage sparrow (Amphispiza belli) and sagebrush vole (Lemmiscus curtatus). There are currently no species federally listed or state-listed as threatened or endangered that are known to occur on the PNNL site.

Finally, PNNL's Marine Sciences Laboratory consists of general-purpose, analytical, and wet lab space located on a campus covering 150 acres (0.61 km2) located in the Puget Lowland ecoregion on Sequim Bay in Washington's Puget Sound. The Marine Sciences Laboratory is located several miles from the Protection Island Aquatic Reserve, which occupies 23,778 acres (9,623 hectares) and is managed by the Washington State Department of Natural Resources for environmental, scientific, and educational purposes. The reserve encompasses 364-acre (147-hectare) Protection Island, the larger portion of which is operated by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service as a National Wildlife Refuge, the other part of which consists of 48 acres (19 hectares) managed by the Washington State Department of Fish and Wildlife as the Zella M. Schultz Seabird Sanctuary. In addition, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service manages a 343-acre (139-hectare) marine buffer area located within 200 yards (183 meters) around the perimeter of Protection Island. The island and buffer area support large nesting seabird and seal populations. The Marine Sciences Laboratory campus supports a nesting area for bald eagles (Haliaeetus leucocephalus).

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. 2007. Sequim Marine Research Operations at a Glance. PNNL-SA-54819. Sequim, Washington. March.
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2010. Protection Island National Wildlife Refuge. Available on line at: (accessed March 15, 2012).
U.S. Department of Energy. 2011. Hanford Site Environmental Report for Calendar Year 2010. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, Washington. PNNL-20548.
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2008. Hanford Reach National Monument Final Comprehensive Conservation Plan and Environmental Impact Statement Adams, Benton, Grant and Franklin Counties, Washington. August.
Washington State Department of Natural Resources. 2010. Protection Island Aquatic Reserve Management Plan. November. 79 pp.

EN12 Description of significant impacts of activities, products, and services on biodiversity in protected areas and areas of high biodiversity value outside protected areas PNNL operations have not resulted in any known negative impacts on the protected or high biodiversity areas described in EN11. We have scientific review procedures in place that would help us understand impacts related to habitat destruction or species reduction as a direct result of PNNL's operations. In 2010 there was a construction-related non-compliance event that occurred when a temporary man-made topsoil pile was deconstructed. This event was self-reported to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service in compliance with the Migratory Bird Treaty Act. N/A N/A
Aspect: Emissions, Effluents, and Waste
EN16 Total direct and indirect greenhouse gas emissions by weight. (scopes 1 and 2 in MTCO2e) 45,562 44,158 44,056 50,069 51,567 2.5% reduction 1% reduction
EN17 Other relevant indirect greenhouse gas emissions by weight. (scope 3 in MTCO2e) 21,643 23,428 26,408 29,725 28,157 N/A N/A
EN19 Emissions of ozone-depleting substances by weight Data Not Available Data Not Available Data Not Available     N/A N/A
  R12       0.0054 0.0180    
  R22       0.0073 0.0100    
  R123       0.000 0.0004    
  403B       0.000013 0.0000    
  414B       0.000 0.0004    
  Emissions of ozone-depleting substances in CFC-11 Equivalent, Tonnes       0.013 0.029    
EN20 NOx, SOx, and other significant air emissions by type and weight (kg)            
  NOx 4,680 3,892 4,027 3,849 3,667 N/A N/A
  SO2 45 35 40 37 34 N/A N/A
  VOC 989 865 870 893 880 N/A N/A
  HAPs 333 346 382 405 405 N/A N/A
  PM 702 529 548 549 471 N/A N/A
  CO 11,690 8,425 8,710 8,995 6,825 N/A N/A
Aspect: Effluents and Waste
EN21 Total water discharge by quality and destination (gallons) 483,462,355 487,288,595 601,353,752 618,195,706 624,953,887 N/A N/A
  Sanitary Sewer 50,742,605 54,568,845 60,239,450 82,929,628 51,064,646
  Treated Effluent Discharge Facility 23,725,000 23,725,000 23,725,000 0 0
  Discharge to ground 299,440,000 299,440,000 299,440,000 286,300,000 312,591,000
  Discharge to river 109,554,750 109,554,750 217,949,302 248,966,078 261,298,241
EN22 Total weight of waste by type and disposal method (tons)           N/A N/A
  Recycled 369 494 492 692 718
  Recycled demolition 26 118 2,474 558 1047
  Landfilled 496 575 666 766 635
  Compost 0.60 0.60 0.64 0.86 1.5
  Regulated hazardous waste 15 30 289 138 47
  Rad-containing waste - landfilled (after stabilization, size reduction and/or thermo-treatment) 319 75 70 467 199
Aspect: Spills
EN23 Total number and volume of significant spills 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aspect: Products and Services
EN26 Initiatives to mitigate environmental impacts of products and services, and extent of impact mitigation We have a formal Environmental Management System (EMS) that is ISO 14000 Certified and have numerous mitigation procedures to lessen our impact on the environment. See Environmental Stewardship. N/A N/A
EN27 Percentage of products sold and their packaging materials that are reclaimed by category N/A. PNNL sells contract research services. We do not sell any packaged products. N/A N/A
Aspect: Compliance
EN28 Monetary value of significant fines and total number of non-monetary sanctions for non-compliance with environmental laws and regulations. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
EN1, EN2 — Values reported in 2010 were revised. They erroneously included miscellaneous paper items (e.g., notepads) that could not be compared by weight consistently across years.
EN3 — Propane and natural gas data reported in the 2010 report was updated to include fuel use at the Marine Sciences Laboratory, which was previously not available. Jet fuel data was reported for the first time in 2011. E85 data for 2010 was determined to be miscoded as gasoline in the fleet fuel data management system; this was corrected by reviewing actual invoices.
EN4 — Non-renewable energy use data was changed from the 2010 report. Total energy use was erroneously put in the non-renewable energy row. Also, some previous values from 2008-2010 were based on estimated energy use and corrected to reflect actual energy use.
EN8 — Values reported in 2010 were revised. They erroneously excluded irrigation and process water in 2 facilities. Also, it should be noted that these values include a small amount of water use from facilities outside of our operational boundaries that is not metered separately. This may be removed in future reporting.
EN16, EN17 — Data reported in 2010 revised based on changes to EN3 and EN4 described above.
EN19 — Data reported in 2010 was revised. Some numbers were incorrectly reported in gross weight and not converted to CF-11 equivalents.
EN20 — Data reported in 2010 was revised due to calculation error.
EN21 - Process water discharged into the City of Richland sanitary sewer is always checked to ensure compliance with city regulations prior to discharge.

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